the largest wetland in Europe
Danube Delta Biosphere Reserve
At the end of the 2860 km that it runs through, from the springs (Donaueschingen - Black Forest in Germany) to the Black Sea (ancient Pontus Euxinus), the Danube builds for more than 16,000 years one of the most beautiful deltas in Europe and in the world. Due to the richness of its landscape and its fauna where the birds are the most significant element, Danube Delta Biosphere Reserve represents a special interest from all points of view: scientific, touristic and even economic.
Danube Delta is one of the most important tourist regions of Romania, through the originality of its landscape (relief, water, vegetation, fauna, population and human settlements).
The main ecosystems of the Delta are the Danube branches, channels, streams, lakes, floating reedbeds, floodplains, levees, sands, river meadows, willow forests, Letea and Caraorman forests. As the Danube Delta is located at the extreme eastern part of the country and has specific natural conditions, access in the area is made only through the periferic localities.
In order to discover the main attractions of the Delta, specific tourism programs are available: leisure tours (offered by tourism agencies, accomodation in hotels, pensions, villas, bungalows, cabins and floating hotels); itinerant discovery tourism (individually or through organized trips); specialized trips – scientific tourism (for ornithologists, specialists, researchers, students); special youth programs (for discovery, understanding and appreciation of nature); rural tourism, ecotourism (tourist are hosted and guided by local peoples); balneary tourism (helio-marine cure on the beaches of Sulina, Sf. Gheorghe); birdwathching, sport fishing, exploring the Delta on kayacs, visiting localities, traditional meals, etc.
- The natural landcape of the Danube Delta - almost unspoilt, constituted of a mosaic of river branches, channels, lakes of diferent types and sizes, reedbeds, sand dunes, oak forests with mediterranean vegetation;
- Biodiversity of deltaic ecosystems - Danube Delta is one of the largest delta in Europe, including one of the most unspoilt wetlands on the continent. The mosaic of habitats developed here is the most varied in Romania, hosting over 5.429 species, of which 1.839 species of flora and 3.590 species of fauna;
- Wild marine beaches of Sulina and Sf. Gheorghe, covered with fine sand, and seashells, stretches out both on the seas coast and along the Danube;
- Human settlements - People have adapted to local conditions and formed many settlements (25 villages) spread throughout the reserve area, cultivating traditions, economic development and the rich culture that can be observed in all villages. Housings specific to each major ethnic group living in this region (Romanian, Ukrainian, Russian-Lipovan ) with reed roofs, spread in all localities in the Danube Delta, fisheries (“cherhanale”) - specific buildings for commercial fishing activity;
- Archaeological vestiges located in the contact area between the Danube and the Dobrogea Plateau, historical monuments of architecture and art, museums and cultural objectives;
- Chilia Veche’s church, a replica of that in Donaueschingen - Germany, at the springs of the Danube;
- Sulina - The palace of the European Danube Commission (CED), the multi-confessional cemetery - a true history of the places marked by tombstones;
- Sulina and Sf. Gheorghe light houses.
Close to the reserve area there are museums, archaeological sites, Orthodox churches and monasteries, a Paleo-Christian basilica, etc.
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